Sinus tumor removal surgery in Iran
Paranosal sinuses are located behind the nose, in a very high sensitive area, close to vital structures such as brain, skull base, cranial nerves and vital blood vessels.
There are several reasons to develop paranosal sinus tumor such as being infected with human papillomavirus (HPV), exposure to industrial chemical, smoking cigarettes, and exposure to wood, leather, flour, or textile.
Although sinus tumors are rare, the operation to remove them cannot be avoidable, whether they are cancer or benign. It is better to remove paranosal sinus tumor using endoscopic surgery than open one to reduce the damage in the normal tissues .However, performing this operation is highly expansive in several counties, because it need developed medical center and qualified surgeon.
A lot of patient do not have enough money to have endoscopic surgery in their own country, so they think to go abroad and have surgery. If you are one of them, Iran is one of the best destinations to have this surgery with highly qualified ENT surgeon such as Dr. Saeedi who is a distinguished ENT surgeon in Tehran. So if you are interested, please continue reading to have more information about sinus tumor removal surgery in Iran with Dr. Saeedi.
What is paranasl sinus?
The paranasal sinuses are air cavities in the bones of the face located behind the nose, they are usually called sinuses.
Theses sinus are covered by a layer of cells that warm and moisturize the air you breathe.
There are four types of sinuses:
- Frontal sinuses, which are located above the eyes.
- Ethmoidal sinuses, which are located between eyes.
- Sphenoid sinuses, which are located deep in the nasal cavity, behind ethmoidal sinuses.
- Maxillary sinuses, which are located on the sides of the nose.
What is sinus tumor?
Tumor can start in the lining of space in the nasal cavity or the nearby paranasal sinuses and invade adjacent tissues. It sometimes spread to lymph nodes.
What is sinus tumor resection (removal) surgery?
Sinus tumor resection surgery depends on the position and the stage of the cancer. This means the size of the cancer and whether it has spread or not.
Types of sinus tumor removal surgeries and how they are done
The surgery type for removing paranasal sinus tumor depend on the tumor type, location, size, and growth to other parts of the head and neck. They are classified as follows:
1. Ethmoidectomy: ethmoid sinus cancer resection
This operation is called external Ethmoidectomy. It may be done if the tumor is only in ethmoid sinus and does not spread to other tissue or if the tumor is not cancerous (benign ethmoid sinus tumor).
The skin at the upper side of the nose next to the upper eyelid will be cut. The surgeon will then remove the bone located in the inner side of the nose and some tissues around the orbit (eye socket), so he/she can reach the tumor inside the ethmoid sinus and remove it.
2. Maxillectomy: maxillary sinus cancer resection
The maxillectomy can be done if the cancer has grown into the maxillary sinus. In this operation, the surgeon will remove a part or the entire upper jawbone. This depends on the location of the tumor and whether it has spread or not.
Therefore, there are several types of maxillectomy:
- Partial maxillectomy: the surgeon will leave one or more of the bony walls.
- Total maxillectomy: the surgeon will remove the whole maxilla bone.
- A radical maxillectomy: the surgeon will remove the whole maxilla bone and some nearby structures.
The surgeon can do this operation by two ways:
- By making a cut along the side of the nose from the eyebrow or upper eyelid down to or through the upper lip.
- By making a cut inside the mouth to avoid a large scar on the face.
3. Craniofacial resection: sphenoid sinuses resection
The surgeon will do the craniofacial resection operation in two cases:
- If the cancer is in a higher stage and it has invaded ethmoid, frontal and sphenoid sinuses, and spread to nearby tissues (base of the skull, or brain).
- If the cancer is in sphenoid sinuses alone.
Craniofacial is similar to maxillectomy except that the surgeon may also remove upper parts of the eye socket and the front base of the skull. This depends on the stage of the cancer.
This is heavy operation, and it needs a specialized surgical team to be done. This team mainly includes an otolaryngologist (head and neck surgeon) and a neurosurgeon (a surgeon who performs operations on the brain, spinal cord and nerves).
All the above-mentioned operations may be followed by radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
Endoscopic sinus tumor removal surgery
Endoscope is a thin, flexible lighted tube that is inserted through the nose to reach the nasal cavity or sinus.
The surgeon uses an endoscope to see (using a camera) and resect the tumor whether it is cancer or benign, using surgical instruments or a laser through the endoscope.
Endoscopic sinus tumor removal surgery is suitable for small tumor, larger tumor that is located in the center of sinus and does not spread to surrounding structures. Endoscopic surgery is also suitable for controlling the tumor in people who are not healthy enough to undergo an open surgery.
When the surgeon do the endoscopic surgery, he/she does not have to cut through the skin, so no scares on the face is left after the surgery, and he/she does not have to remove the bone to open up the whole cavity, thus reducing the damage in the normal tissues.
For these reasons, the recovery from the endoscopic surgery takes less time compared to the recovery from the open surgery, and the long-term outcomes for endoscopic surgery are same as other types of surgeries or maybe better.
Radiotherapy to the area is usually done after recovering from the surgery.
The recent trend is to use endoscopic surgery as a first option, or to mix it with other invasive surgeries listed above to reduce the damage to the healthy tissues.
In some cases, the doctor uses endoscopic surgery after other types of surgeries to have better vision to the area such that he/she can evaluate the result of the surgery and be sure that all of the cancer has been removed. This operation is what called endoscopic-assisted surgery.
Removing the lymph nodes in your neck
Cancerous sinus tumor may spread to the lymph nodes in the neck. Depending on the location and the stage of the cancer, the surgeon will remove all the lymph nodes that contain or likely to contain cancer.
The operation of removing lymph nodes is called a neck dissection.
What are the benefits of having sinus tumor removal surgery in Iran?
Iran is one of the best countries to perform endoscopic tumor resection surgeries for many reasons.
In Iran, there are some of the best hospitals and medical centers in Asia with the latest medical technology as same as the international hospitals in the developed counties. Iran provides the best medical care and health services with low costs. However, the most important reason is that you can have the surgery done by some of the best doctors and surgeons in the word. All these reasons make Iran a famous destination for medical tourism, where thousands of patients folk to Iran to have their surgeries done by experienced surgeons at affordable prices.
Why to opt to sinus tumor removal surgery in Iran with Dr. Saeedi?
Dr. Masoumeh Saeedi is one of the most famous surgeons with an experience of more than 12 years since she received her fellowship in the otolaryngology, in which she was ranked the first in the country. In addition, Dr. Saeedi is a board certified surgeon in neuro-otology, which makes her eligible for performing endoscopic sinus tumor resection surgery.
Dr. Masoumeh Saeedi is keen to develop her medical ability, so she participated in many international courses in France, Germany, South Korea, Portugal, Malaysia, Poland, and other medically developed countries.
Dr. saeedi received an associate professorship in ENT at Baqiyatollah University of Medical Sciences in April 2008 at the age of 33 years only and she has been working there as the university’s ENT department assistant till now. During this period, she conducted many research in this field.
Due to her long experience that extends over more than 12 years, Dr. Saeedi has performed more than 5,000 complicated and successful surgeries in head and neck, ear, nose and throat to patients coming from all over the word and to local patients.
You can now book your surgery time and have a free online specialized consultation on sinus tumor removal surgery in Iran with Dr. Saeedi. All that you need is to send us a message through one of the social media of Dr. Saeedi and we will return to you as soon as possible.
Cost of endoscopic sinus tumor removal surgery in Iran with Dr. Saeedi
The cost of endoscopic sinus tumor removal surgery varies from one country to another. For example, it costs between $7,300 and $11,500 in the united State of America. This is while the cost of endoscopic sinus tumor removal surgery in Iran is very low, so if we add the cost of travelling and accommodation to the cost of surgery, the total is still a small fraction of that huge sum. Please don’t hesitate and contact us online now to have a free specialized consultation about your case and a free quote for endoscopic sinus tumor removal surgery in Iran with Dr. Saeedi.
Before sinus tumor resection (removal) surgery
- The doctor should explain the case to the patient and answer their questions about the surgery.
- The patient should have blood tests and allergy tests.
- The patient should have imaging tests like MRI and CT scan.
- If the patient has any chronic disease, he/she should inform the doctor.
- If the patient is a smoker, he/she should stop smoking one month before the surgery.
- The patient should not eat or drink anything starting from the night before the operation.
Risks and complications of sinus tumor removal surgery
There are many side effects after endoscopic sinus tumor removal surgery, which can be summarized as following:
It might change the sense of smell, the sense of taste, how you speak, how you hear, and the way you can chew and swallow.
Changes like the swelling and soreness in the face and the neck are temporary, and they will wear off once the patient starts to heal, but there are permanent changes in what the patient can do and the way he/she looks. In this case, there are specialists who can help.
Frequently asked questions about endoscopic sinus tumor removal surgery
Is endoscopic sinus tumor removal surgery safe?
Yes, it is safe and the success rate of the operation is high, especially if the tumor is diagnosed in the early stage.
Dos endoscopic sinus tumor removal surgery worth it?
Yes, it saves life in case of cancerous tumor and help patients restore their physiological functions.